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Newsletter 10-2015


Kremer Pigmente

Smalt - a deep bluish color


Smalt was the earliest of the cobalt pigments. It is artificial, in the nature of glass, a potash silicate strongly colored with cobalt oxide and reduced to a powder. The origin is obscure. For years there has been much debate concerning whether or not cobalt was used by the Egyptians and other ancient cultures to color glass. Recent studies have shown that cobalt was definitely present along with copper in much Egyptian blue glass, however only in small amounts. There is no evidence as yet, however, that any powdered cobalt glass was ever used as a painter's pigment in ancient times. When cobalt was first employed in Europe for glass making is not known, but probably the Venetian glass makers knew of its properties. About the middle of the fifteenth century, certain cobalt minerals such as cobaltite (CoAsS) and smaltite (CoAs2) were discovered on the borders of Saxony and Bohemia. At the time, the nature of these minerals was not known and, since they gave the miners a certain amount of trouble, they were called "cobalt" for spirits or "kobolds" which were thought to haunt the mines.

Kremer Pigmente produce Smalt according to a recipe from the 19th century, by roasting a powder mixture of cobalt salts. At about 1150°C the powder melts forms a glass mass of a deep bluish black color. The glass melt is deterred and is ground into powder. Smalt, since it is a glass and is transparent, has very poor hiding power and, for this reason, it has to be used coarsely ground.

Like other glasses, Smalt is considered to be stable. It is better used in aqueous media and lime (fresco); in oil-media only a dull color is obtained because the refractive index of Smalt is so close to that of dried oil. Smalt in oil-media is often observed to have partially or completely discolored, although when lead white is mixed with the paint film, some protection against the loss of color is sometimes afforded.


New Product Catalog in German

Discover the variety of the individual products and immerse yourself in the world of Kremer Pigmente! Among many product information you can find lots of helpful knowledge in chapter 11: hazard warnings, recipes, overview of synthetic resin dispersions or Suitability of Pigments.

We kindly send you a copy of the new Catalog.

In the following PDF-Link you can easily download the Catalog.

Catalog 2015/2016
German, October 2015, 239 pages, 4 MB


GRAY – a shade between Black and White

Kremer Pigmente is looking for names and color mixtures of GRAY.

Please send us your favourite Gray 
by Email news@kremer-pigmente.de or by mailing route:

Kremer Pigmente GmbH & Co. KG
Keyword: GRAY
Hauptstrasse 41 - 47
88317 Aichstetten, Germany


>>What would a painter be without his hand tools? Only brushes create a living surface out of color.<<
[Dr. Georg Kremer]

Watercolor Brush, Squirrel Hair

The material is made of a casin synthetic-squirrel blend. The brush is high elastic with a exact tip, a very good shape retention and a very high liquid holding capacity.

Application: water color, silk, gouache and tempera painting

Available sizes: 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 24, 28 and 54